Article Abstract

Diagnostic approach to pleural effusions

Authors: Tao He, Scott Oh


The increasing incidence of pleural effusions from a variety of etiologies is associated with significant socioeconomic burden. Effective treatment for pleural effusions first requires a comprehensive diagnostic work up encompassing analysis of pleural fluid chemistry, microbiology studies and invasive sampling, all of which should be incorporated with relevant clinical data to reach a final diagnosis. This review article addresses current diagnostic approaches to pleural effusions.